Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA



 


Notizen: Wikipedia 2017:
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States, and the county seat of Cook County. The Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland, has nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the U.S.
Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837, near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed, and grew rapidly in the mid-nineteenth century. The city is an international hub for finance, commerce, industry, technology, telecommunications, and transportation: O'Hare International Airport is the second-busiest airport in the world when measured by aircraft traffic; the region also has the largest number of U.S. highways and rail road freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and ranked seventh in the world in the 2014 Global Cities Index. Chicago has the third-largest gross metropolitan product in the United States—about $640 billion according to 2015 estimates. The city has one of the world's largest and most diversified economies with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
In 2015, Chicago hosted over 52 million international and domestic visitors, a new record for the city making it one of the top visited cities in the nation. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, novels, film, theater, especially improvisational comedy, and music, particularly jazz, blues, soul, gospel and house music. There are many colleges and universities in the Chicago area; among these, Northwestern University, the University of Chicago, and the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago also has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues. The city has many nicknames, the best-known being the Windy City.
History:
The name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the Native American word shikaakwa, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum, from the Miami-Illinois language. The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the wild garlic, called "chicagoua", grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:
When we arrived at the said place called Chicagou which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region.
In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples. The first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable was of African and French descent and arrived in the 1780s. He is commonly known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area that was to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and later rebuilt. The Ottawa, Ojibwe, and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis. The Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833.
On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U.S. receiver of public moneys. The City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837 and for several decades was the world's fastest growing city.
As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States. Chicago's first railway, Galena and Chicago Union Railroad, and the Illinois and Michigan Canal opened in 1848. The canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River.
A flourishing economy brought residents from rural communities and immigrants from abroad. Manufacturing and retail and finance sectors became dominant, influencing the American economy. The Chicago Board of Trade (established 1848) listed the first ever standardized 'exchange traded' forward contracts, which were called futures contracts.
In the 1850s, Chicago gained national political prominence as the home of Senator Stephen Douglas, the champion of the Kansas–Nebraska Act and the "popular sovereignty" approach to the issue of the spread of slavery. These issues also helped propel another Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the national stage. Lincoln was nominated in Chicago for US President at the 1860 Republican National Convention. He defeated Douglas in the general election, and this set the stage for the American Civil War.
To accommodate rapid population growth and demand for better sanitation, the city improved its infrastructure. In February 1856, Chicago's Common Council approved Chesbrough's plan to build the United States' first comprehensive sewerage system. The project raised much of central Chicago to a new grade. While elevating Chicago, and at first improving the city's health, the untreated sewage and industrial waste now flowed into the Chicago River, then into Lake Michigan, polluting the city's primary freshwater source.
The city responded by tunneling two miles (3 km) out into Lake Michigan to newly-built water cribs. In 1900, the problem of sewage contamination was largely resolved when the city completed a major engineering feat. It reversed the flow of the Chicago River so the water flowed away from Lake Michigan rather than into it. This project began with the construction and improvement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, and was completed with the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal that connects to the Illinois River, which flows into the Mississippi River.
In 1871, the Great Chicago Fire destroyed an area of about 4 miles long and 1 mile wide, a large section of the city at the time. Much of the city, including railroads and stockyards, survived intact, and from the ruins of the previous wooden structures arose more modern constructions of steel and stone. These set a precedent for worldwide construction. During its rebuilding period, Chicago constructed the world's first skyscraper in 1885, using steel-skeleton construction.
The city grew significantly in size and population by incorporating many neighboring townships between 1851 and 1920, with the largest annexation happening in 1889, with five townships joining the city, including the Hyde Park Township, which now comprises most of the South Side of Chicago and the far southeast of Chicago, and the Jefferson Township, which now makes up most of Chicago's Northwest Side. The desire to join the city was driven by municipal services the city could provide its residents.
Chicago's flourishing economy attracted huge numbers of new immigrants from Europe and migrants from the Eastern United States. Of the total population in 1900, more than 77% were either foreign-born or born in the United States of foreign parentage. Germans, Irish, Poles, Swedes and Czechs made up nearly two-thirds of the foreign-born population (by 1900, whites were 98.1% of the city's population).
Labor conflicts followed the industrial boom and the rapid expansion of the labor pool, including the Haymarket affair on May 4, 1886. Concern for social problems among Chicago's immigrant poor led Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr to found Hull House in 1889. Programs developed there became a model for the new field of social work.
During the 1870s and 1880s, Chicago attained national stature as the leader in the movement to improve public health. City, and later state laws, that upgraded standards for the medical profession and fought urban epidemics of cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever were both passed and enforced. These laws became templates for public health reform in other cities and states.
The city established many large, well-landscaped municipal parks, which also included public sanitation facilities. The chief advocate for improving public health in Chicago was Dr. John H. Rauch, M.D.. Rauch established a plan for Chicago's park system in 1866. He created Lincoln Park by closing a cemetery filled with shallow graves, and in 1867, in response to an outbreak of cholera he helped establish a new Chicago Board of Health. Ten years later, he became the secretary and then the president of the first Illinois State Board of Health, which carried out most of its activities in Chicago.
In the 19th century, Chicago became the nation's railroad center, and by 1910 over 20 railroads operated passenger service out of six different downtown terminals. In 1883, Chicago's railway managers needed a general time convention, so they developed the standardized system of North American time zones. This system for telling time spread throughout the continent.
In 1893, Chicago hosted the World's Columbian Exposition on former marshland at the present location of Jackson Park. The Exposition drew 27.5 million visitors, and is considered the most influential world's fair in history. The University of Chicago, formerly at another location, moved to the same South Side location in 1892. The term "midway" for a fair or carnival referred originally to the Midway Plaisance, a strip of park land that still runs through the University of Chicago campus and connects the Washington and Jackson Parks.
During World War I and the 1920s there was a major expansion in industry. The availability of jobs attracted African-Americans from the Southern United States. Between 1910 and 1930, the African-American population of Chicago increased dramatically, from 44,103 to 233,903. This Great Migration had an immense cultural impact, called the Chicago Black Renaissance, part of the New Negro Movement, in art, literature, and music. Continuing racial tensions and violence, such as the Chicago Race Riot of 1919, also occurred.
The ratification of the 18th amendment to the Constitution in 1919 made the production and sale (including exportation) of alcoholic beverages illegal in the United States. This ushered in the beginning of what is known as the Gangster Era, a time that roughly spans from 1919 until 1933 when Prohibition was repealed. The 1920s saw gangsters, including Al Capone, Dion O'Banion, Bugs Moran and Tony Accardo battle law enforcement and each other on the streets of Chicago during the Prohibition era. Chicago was the location of the infamous St. Valentine's Day Massacre in 1929, where Al Capone sent men to gun down members of his rival gang, North Side, led by Bugs Moran.
In 1924, Chicago was the first American city to have a homosexual-rights organization, the Society for Human Rights. This organization produced the first American publication for homosexuals, Friendship and Freedom. Police and political pressure caused the organization to disband.
In 1933, Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak was fatally wounded in Miami, Florida during a failed assassination attempt on President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt. In 1933 and 1934, the city celebrated its centennial by hosting the Century of Progress International Exposition Worlds Fair. The theme of the fair was technological innovation over the century since Chicago's founding.
In March 1937, there was a violent strike by about 3,500 drivers for Checker and Yellow Cab Companies which included rioting that went on for weeks. The cab companies hired "strike breakers", and the cab drivers union hired "sluggers" who ragged through the downtown Chicago area looking for cabs and drivers not participating in the strike.
On December 2, 1942, physicist Enrico Fermi conducted the world's first controlled nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago as part of the top-secret Manhattan Project. This led to the creation of the atomic bomb by the United States, which it used in World War II in 1945.
Mayor Richard J. Daley, a Democrat, was elected in 1955, in the era of machine politics. In the early 1960s, many white residents, as in most American cities, left the city for the suburban areas. Whole neighborhoods were completely changed based on race. Structural changes in industry, such as globalization and job outsourcing, caused heavy losses of jobs for lower skilled workers. In 1966, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Albert Raby led the Chicago Freedom Movement, which culminated in agreements between Mayor Richard J. Daley and the movement leaders.
Two years later, the city hosted the tumultuous 1968 Democratic National Convention, which featured physical confrontations both inside and outside the convention hall, with anti-war protesters, journalists and bystanders being savagely beaten by police. Major construction projects, including the Sears Tower (now known as the Willis Tower, which in 1974 became the world's tallest building), University of Illinois at Chicago, McCormick Place, and O'Hare International Airport, were undertaken during Richard J. Daley's tenure. In 1979, Jane Byrne, the city's first female mayor, was elected. She helped reduce crime in the Cabrini-Green housing project and led Chicago's school system out of a financial crisis.
In 1983, Harold Washington became the first black mayor of the city of Chicago. Washington's first term in office directed attention to poor and previously neglected minority neighborhoods. He was re?elected in 1987 but died of a heart attack soon after. Washington was succeeded by 6th ward Alderman Eugene Sawyer who was elected by the Chicago City Council and served until a special election.
Richard M. Daley, son of Richard J. Daley, was elected in 1989. His accomplishments included improvements to parks and creating incentives for sustainable development. After successfully standing for re-election five times, and becoming Chicago's longest serving mayor, Richard M. Daley declined to run for a seventh term.
On February 23, 2011, former Illinois Congressman and White House Chief of Staff, Rahm Emanuel, won the mayoral election, beating five rivals with 55 percent of the vote, and was sworn in as Mayor on May 16, 2011.

OpenStreetMap

Ort : Geographische Breite: 41.8781136, Geographische Länge: -87.62979819999998


Geburt

Treffer 1 bis 39 von 39

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Bauer, Frances Louise  22 Mrz 1919Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I148813
2 Blakkolb, Phyllis  13 Aug 1931Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I35267
3 Bouma, Fannie Jane  28 Dez 1911Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I68460
4 Broadbent, Daniel Ramon  10 Aug 1963Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I157745
5 Budicin, Anton  15 Jan 1912Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I38130
6 Bussert, Margot Elizabeth  5 Sep 1931Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I158374
7 Cole, Arnold Henry  5 Sep 1928Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I29921
8 Collins, Irene  29 Apr 1904Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I62550
9 Duncan, Frances Marjorie  31 Aug 1927Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I35214
10 Ebert, Heinrich Walter  1893Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I11196
11 Fillmore, George A.  Nov 1896Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I31495
12 Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth Ann  17 Dez 1936Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I148701
13 Fitzpatrick, Leo Francis  13 Mai 1943Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I148713
14 Fitzpatrick, Patricia May  22 Aug 1938Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I148707
15 Fuhrman, Angeline  1927Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I112265
16 Hallerud, Walter Arthur  10 Mrz 1923Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I29672
17 Hayt, Fredrerick Charles  13 Apr 1918Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I100945
18 Hedberg, Jennie C.  19 Jun 1880Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I26549
19 Hesch, George Anthony  24 Jun 1895Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I94304
20 Kastigar, Susan  um 1947Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I160958
21 King, John R.  15 Mai 1900Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I12379
22 Knudson, Jeanette Clarice  22 Feb 1913Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I17671
23 Korn, Alfred Otto  26 Dez 1892Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I123411
24 Martin, John D.  5 Jun 1902Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I149245
25 Patti, Leroy Angelo  12 Feb 1939Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I47740
26 Prather, Hildred Hope  5 Jan 1910Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I107163
27 Rakebrand, Emma  1867Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I160657
28 Ruegg, John A.  8 Apr 1904Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I168426
29 Simek, John Louis  19 Sep 1921Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I119683
30 Sweetland, Edward Coates  23 Jan 1873Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I47630
31 Thielen, Gertrude Wilma  10 Jul 1910Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I148796
32 Ulmer, Marsha May  12 Mai 1947Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I29851
33 Weller, Charles Frederick  19 Aug 1870Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I47496
34 Weller, Winston Fayette  1 Aug 1906Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I47498
35 Whalen, Robert Earl  2 Feb 1890Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I47719
36 Wisler, Audrey  5 Jul 1912Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I3706
37 Wycaskalla, Lucille Alice  24 Jun 1938Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I83167
38 Zimbelman, Edward  12 Sep 1905Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I50675
39 Zimbelman, Edward John  17 Dez 1926Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I50677

Gestorben

Treffer 1 bis 34 von 34

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Bowersox, Elmer Louis  1 Mrz 1958Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I165537
2 Brandner, Edward William  6 Aug 1946Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I158377
3 Broadbent, Daniel Ramon  12 Nov 1963Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I157745
4 Christman, Ema  26 Feb 1979Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I105877
5 Dinkelmann, Alfred  5 Jan 1921Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I160658
6 Dinkelmann, Nicholaus  28 Jan 1902Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I160661
7 Dixon, Beverly Wayne Jr.  20 Jul 1972Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I158696
8 Ebert, Johann Heinrich  Datum unbekanntChicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I11191
9 Fields, Viktor Leon  26 Jan 1960Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I87445
10 Fillmore, Minerva  Sep 1967Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I31494
11 Gensslinger, Catherine  29 Jul 1877Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I160655
12 Grosshans, Sophie  25 Nov 1903Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I9702
13 Haney, Bessy  1936Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I35728
14 Hayt, Fredrerick Charles  16 Apr 1918Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I100945
15 Hayt, William Hart Sr.  9 Okt 1962Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I100944
16 Huntoon, Martha Clyde  27 Jan 1945Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I47632
17 Karnatz, Herman Homer  20 Mrz 1961Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I106735
18 Martin, John D.  30 Mrz 1970Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I149245
19 McMullen, Alexander Hamilton  2 Mrz 1912Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I107173
20 Paholke, Emil Edward  24 Nov 1968Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I29912
21 Potteiger, Edward Kent  13 Jul 1988Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I94359
22 Raisek, Bessie  1916Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I159208
23 Rakebrand, Charles Ferdinand  31 Dez 1912Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I160656
24 Rakebrand, Emma  Okt 1895Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I160657
25 Ries, Catherine  14 Feb 1928Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I150572
26 Schumacher, Agnes Anna  20 Nov 1949Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I173055
27 Smith, Anastasia C.  1 Feb 1976Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I149238
28 Thompson, Elsie Sophia  1915Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I74173
29 Ulmer, Friedrich Jr.  1 Jul 1942Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I34637
30 Weller, Dr. Fayette Montrose  2 Sep 1895Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I47495
31 Werle, Michel  19 Dez 1892Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I88832
32 Whalen, Earl Eugene  1 Dez 1966Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I47737
33 Zimbelmann, Beata Dora  Jan 1994Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I1295
34 Zimbleman, Arthur  8 Okt 1956Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I94300

Verheiratet

Treffer 1 bis 24 von 24

   Familie    Verheiratet    Familien-Kennung 
1 Beich / Kuknyo  27 Sep 1947Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F23807
2 Blakkolb / Knoth  26 Mai 1928Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F11774
3 Brandner / Gazda  4 Feb 1937Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F52129
4 Brandner / Ziemba  12 Mai 1920Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F52128
5 Buchanan / Sayler  17 Jun 1943Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F13778
6 Challis / Rominger  1916Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F33694
7 Engel / Graff  1947Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F31119
8 Fitzpatrick / Kapler  4 Jul 1935Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F48695
9 Frank / Cliff  10 Sep 1946Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F11335
10 Fritz / Denibinski  18 Jan 1911Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F41318
11 Harr / Strickland  1 Jun 1955Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F27786
12 Huntoon / Reed  22 Nov 1839Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F15745
13 Miller / Hirning  10 Okt 1934Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F35831
14 Moss / Perlenfein  14 Dez 1941Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F10561
15 Mylius / Lynch  5 Nov 1884Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F10972
16 Simek / Roloff  25 Mai 1947Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F38653
17 Stark / Ulmer  10 Apr 1943Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F11876
18 Sweetland / Aikin  23 Apr 1901Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F15804
19 Thielen / Bauer  4 Mai 1951Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F48735
20 Ulmer / Ulmer  1938Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F11927
21 Wahl / Paholke  28 Dez 1920Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F10329
22 Weller / Winston  18 Sep 1901Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F15747
23 Whalen / Huntoon  12 Jun 1911Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F15845
24 Wiehle / Sayler  18 Jun 1943Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F13776