Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA



 

Notizen: Wikipedia 2017:
Bakersfield is a city in and the county seat of Kern County, California, United States. It covers about 142 square miles (370 km2) near the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley and the Central Valley region. Bakersfield's population is approximately 365,000, making it the ninth-most populous city in California and the 52nd-most populous city in the nation. The Bakersfield–Delano Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Kern County, had a 2010 census population of 839,631, making it the 62nd largest metropolitan area in the United States. The more built-up urban area that includes Bakersfield and areas immediately around the city, such as East Bakersfield, Oildale and Rosedale, has a population of approximately 464,000.
The city is a significant hub for both agriculture and oil production. Kern County is the most productive oil producing county, and the fourth most productive agricultural county (by value) in the United States. Industries include natural gas and other energy extraction, aerospace, mining, petroleum refining, manufacturing, distribution, food processing, and corporate regional offices. The city is also the birthplace of the country music genre known as the Bakersfield sound.
History:
Archaeological evidence indicates the presence of Native American settlements dating back thousands of years. The Yokuts lived in lodges along the branches of the Kern River Delta and hunted antelope, tule elk, deer, bear, fish, and game birds. In 1776, Spanish missionary Father Francisco Garces became the first European to explore the area. Owing to the remoteness and inaccessibility of the region, however, the Yokuts remained largely isolated until after the Mexican War of Independence, when Mexican settlers began to migrate to the area. Following the discovery of gold in California in 1848, settlers flooded into the San Joaquin Valley. In 1851, gold was discovered along the Kern River in the southern Sierra Nevada, and in 1865, oil was discovered in the valley. The Bakersfield area, once a tule-reed-covered marshland, was first known as Kern Island to the handful of pioneers who built log cabins there in 1860. The area was subject to periodic flooding from the Kern River, which occupied what is now the downtown area, and experienced outbreaks of malaria.
In 1862, disastrous floods swept away the original settlement founded in 1860 by the German-born Christian Bohna. Among those attracted to the area by the California gold rush was Thomas Baker, a lawyer and former colonel in the militia of Ohio, his home state. Baker moved to the banks of the Kern River in 1863, at what became known as Baker's Field, which became a stopover for travelers. By 1870, with a population of 600, what is now known as Bakersfield was becoming the principal town in Kern County.
In 1873, Bakersfield was officially incorporated as a city, and by 1874 it officially replaced the dying town of Havilah as the county seat. Alexander Mills was hired as the city marshal, a man one historian would describe as "... an old man by the time he became Marshal of Bakersfield, and he walked with a cane. But he was a Kentuckian, a handy man with a gun, and not lacking in initiative and resource when the mood moved him." Businessmen and others began to resent Mills, who was cantankerous and high-handed in his treatment of them. Wanting to fire him but fearing reprisals, they came up with a scheme to disincorporate, effectively leaving him without an employer. According to local historian Gilbert Gia the city was also failing to collect the taxes it needed for services. In 1876, the city voted to disincorporate. For the next 22 years, a citizen's council managed the community.
By 1880, the town had a population of 801, and by 1890, it had a population of 2,626. Migration from Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Southern California brought new residents, who were mostly employed by the oil industry.
The city reincorporated on January 11, 1898.
Main article: 1952 Kern County earthquake
On July 21, 1952, an earthquake struck at 4:52 am Pacific Daylight Time. The earthquake, which measured 7.5 on the moment magnitude scale and was felt from San Francisco to the Mexican border, destroyed the nearby communities of Tehachapi and Arvin. The earthquake's destructive force also bent cotton fields into U shapes, slid a shoulder of the Tehachapi Mountains across all four lanes of the Ridge Route, collapsed a water tower creating a flash flood, and destroyed the railroad tunnels in the mountain chain.[citation needed] Bakersfield was spared, experiencing minor architectural damage without loss of life.
A large aftershock occurred on July 29, and did minor architectural damage, but raised fears that the flow of the Friant-Kern Canal could be dangerously altered, potentially flooding the city and surrounding areas.
Aftershocks, for the next month, had become normal to Bakersfield residents, until August 22 at 3:42 pm a 5.8 earthquake struck directly under the town's center in the most densely populated area of the southern San Joaquin Valley. Four people died in the aftershock, and some of the town's historic structures sustained heavy damage.
Between 1970 and 2010, Bakersfield grew 400% (from 70,000 to 347,483),[33] making it one of the fastest growing cities in California.
Bakersfield's close proximity to mountain passes, primarily the Tejon Pass on Interstate 5 between the Los Angeles metropolis and the central San Joaquin Valley, has made the city a regional transportation hub.
In 1990, Bakersfield was one of ten U.S. communities to receive the All-America City Award from the National Civic League.
In 2010, the Bakersfield MSA had a gross metropolitan product of $29.466 billion, making it the 73rd largest metropolitan economy in the United States.

Geographische Breite: 35.3732921, Geographische Länge: -119.01871249999999


Geburt

Treffer 1 bis 6 von 6

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Lehr, Janis Genevieve  22 Okt 1945Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I172487
2 Lehr, Randy D.  21 Nov 1967Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I172686
3 Mettler, James Roland  6 Nov 1938Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I96935
4 Miller, Robert Francis  1 Okt 1936Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I105115
5 Peters, Alan Frank  13 Dez 1939Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I105134
6 Peters, Simone  29 Mai 1941Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I105114

Gestorben

Treffer 1 bis 36 von 36

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Cox, Calvin Nathan  24 Feb 1971Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98109
2 Crow, Leta Mae  5 Dez 1996Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I172486
3 Darbyshire, Frank Matthew  17 Mrz 1939Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I174076
4 Dorr, George Adam  5 Nov 1987Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I116282
5 Gilfillan, John James  23 Nov 1993Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I113567
6 Gimbel, Christina  14 Dez 1961Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I108986
7 Goehring, Ewald John  6 Jul 2007Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I110391
8 Goehring, Gideon Wilhelm  20 Jan 1997Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98464
9 Goehring, Olivia Paulina  31 Dez 1990Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98526
10 Hirning, Wilhelm Albert  9 Sep 1988Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I113564
11 Hofman, Olinda Johanna  22 Jul 1988Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I3613
12 Kirschenmann, Christian  1 Sep 1976Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98060
13 Kirschenmann, Edward  30 Jun 1973Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I97991
14 Kirschenmann, Eleanor Mabel  31 Aug 2004Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98108
15 Kirschenmann, Elmer E.  11 Feb 2000Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98097
16 Kirschenmann, Helmuth Jacob  23 Sep 1992Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98062
17 Kludt, Esther Viola  8 Sep 2003Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I172683
18 Lehr, Emil E.  25 Jun 2004Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I170795
19 Lehr, Leo  23 Jun 2005Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I170794
20 Lehr, Randy D.  31 Jul 1991Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I172686
21 Lehr, Tilmann Andrew  25 Mrz 2000Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I170796
22 Mettler, Alitha K.  20 Mrz 1998Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I123361
23 Mettler, Paulina J.  21 Mrz 1969Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98524
24 Neuharth, Hilda  19 Okt 2007Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I123301
25 Perman, Patricia Zella  8 Feb 1994Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I116505
26 Pfeifle, Arnold Erwin  9 Jun 1993Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98496
27 Preszler, Alvin Otto  27 Okt 1986Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98527
28 Rohrbach, Marion  15 Nov 1980Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I172689
29 Schauer, Andrew David  2 Dez 1990Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I62920
30 Schnabel, Verletta  10 Sep 1991Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98495
31 Scott, Hubert Lee  14 Okt 1995Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I193017
32 Spitzer, Magdalena  2 Feb 2000Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I97927
33 Streyle, Erna Rose  6 Apr 1994Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98463
34 Whiteaker, Velma Emiline  12 Mrz 1997Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I113565
35 Zeeb, Ardina Christina  5 Jan 2002Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I96931
36 Zimpelmann, Dorothy Viola  25 Mai 2008Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I193016

Begraben

Treffer 1 bis 3 von 3

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Begraben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Darbyshire, Frank Matthew  21 Mrz 1939Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I174076
2 Kirschenmann, Eleanor Mabel  Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I98108
3 Reichert, Johannes  Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA I8128

Verheiratet

Treffer 1 bis 3 von 3

   Familie    Verheiratet    Familien-Kennung 
1 Peters / Kasper  26 Aug 1934Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA F32951
2 Pfeifle / Schnabel  14 Nov 1937Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA F30708
3 Zimbelman / Millican  2 Mrz 1956Bakersfield, Kern County, California, USA F1091