Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA


Notizen: Wikipedia 2015:
Manhattan is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City. The borough is coterminous with New York County, founded on November 1, 1683 as an original county of the U.S. state of New York. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the East, Hudson, and Harlem Rivers, but also includes several small adjacent islands, as well as Marble Hill, a small neighborhood on the U.S. mainland.
Manhattan is often said to be the economic and cultural center of the United States and serves as home to the United Nations Headquarters. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, and Manhattan is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. Many multinational media conglomerates are based in the borough. Historically documented to have been purchased by Dutch colonists from Native Americans in 1626 for the equivalent of US$24, Manhattan real estate has since become among the most expensive in the world, with the value of Manhattan Island, including real estate, estimated to exceed US$3 trillion in 2013.
New York County is the most densely populated county in the United States, and is more dense than any individual American city. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a Census-estimated 2014 population of 1,636,268 living in a land area of 22.83 square miles (59.13 km2), or 71,672 residents per square mile (27,673/km²). On business days, the influx of commuters increases that number to over 3.9 million, or more than 170,000 people per square mile. Manhattan has the third-largest population of New York City's five boroughs, after Brooklyn and Queens, and is the smallest borough in terms of land area.
Many districts and landmarks in Manhattan have become well known, as New York City received a record 56 million tourists in 2014. Times Square, iconified as "The Crossroads of the World" and "The Center of the Universe", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world's entertainment industry. The borough hosts many world-renowned bridges, skyscrapers, and parks. Manhattan's Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere. The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village is considered the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement. Numerous colleges and universities are located in Manhattan, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 35 in the world. The city of New York was founded at the southern tip of Manhattan, and the borough houses New York City Hall, the seat of city government and a National Historic Landmark that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The area that is now Manhattan was long inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano – sailing in service of the French king Francis I – was the first European to visit the area that would become New York City. He entered The Narrows aboard his ship La Dauphine and named the land around Upper New York Harbor "New Angoulême", in reference to the family name of Francis I of France that was derived from Angoulême in France; he sailed far enough into the harbor to sight the Hudson River which he referred to in his report to the French king as a "very big river"; and he named Upper New York Bay the Bay of Santa Margarita – after Marguerite de Navarre – the elder sister of the king.
It was not until the voyage of Henry Hudson, an Englishman who worked for the Dutch East India Company, that the area was mapped. Hudson came across Manhattan Island and the native people living there in 1609, and continued up the river that would later bear his name, the Hudson River, until he arrived at the site of present day Albany.
A permanent European presence in New Netherland began in 1624 with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Governors Island. In 1625, construction was started on the citadel of Fort Amsterdam on Manhattan Island, later called New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam). Manhattan Island was chosen as the site of Fort Amsterdam, a citadel for the protection of the new arrivals; its 1625 establishment is recognized as the birth date of New York City. According to a letter by Pieter Janszoon Schagen, Peter Minuit and Dutch colonists acquired Manhattan in 1626 from unnamed American Indian people, which are believed to have been Canarsee Indians of the Lenape, in exchange for trade goods worth 60 guilders, often said to be worth US$24, though (by comparing the price of bread and other goods) it actually amounts to around US$1,050 in 2014. According to the writer Nathaniel Benchley, Minuit conducted the transaction with Seyseys, chief of the Canarsees, who were only too happy to accept valuable merchandise in exchange for the island that was actually mostly controlled by the Weckquaesgeeks.
In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant was appointed as the last Dutch Director General of the colony. New Amsterdam was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1653. In 1664, the English conquered New Netherland and renamed it "New York" after the English Duke of York and Albany, the future King James II. The Dutch, under Director General Stuyvesant, successfully negotiated with the English to produce 24 articles of provisional transfer, which sought to retain for the extant citizens of New Netherland their previously attained liberties (including freedom of religion) under new colonial English rulers.
The Dutch Republic regained it in August 1673 with a fleet of 21 ships, renaming the city "New Orange". New Netherland was ceded permanently to the English in November 1674 through the Treaty of Westminster, in exchange for Run Island which was the long-coveted last link in the Dutch nutmeg trading monopoly in Indonesia.
Manhattan was at the heart of the New York Campaign, a series of major battles in the early American Revolutionary War. The Continental Army was forced to abandon Manhattan after the disastrous Battle of Fort Washington on November 16, 1776. The city became the British political and military center of operations in North America for the remainder of the war. Manhattan was greatly damaged by the Great Fire of New York during the British military rule that followed. British occupation lasted until November 25, 1783, when George Washington returned to Manhattan, as the last British forces left the city.
From January 11, 1785, to the fall of 1788, New York City was the fifth of five capitals of the United States under the Articles of Confederation, with the Continental Congress meeting at New York City Hall (then at Fraunces Tavern). New York was the first capital under the newly enacted Constitution of the United States, from March 4, 1789, to August 12, 1790, at Federal Hall. Federal Hall was also the site of where the United States Supreme Court met for the first time, the United States Bill of Rights were drafted and ratified, and where the Northwest Ordinance was adopted, establishing measures for adding new states to the Union.
New York grew as an economic center, first as a result of Alexander Hamilton's policies and practices as the first Secretary of the Treasury and, later, with the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, which connected the Atlantic port to the vast agricultural markets of the Midwestern United States and Canada. By 1810 New York City, then confined to Manhattan, surpassed Philadelphia as the largest city in the United States.
Tammany Hall, a Democratic Party political machine, began to grow in influence with the support of many of the immigrant Irish, culminating in the election of the first Tammany mayor, Fernando Wood, in 1854. Tammany Hall dominated local politics for decades. Central Park, which opened to the public in 1858, became the first landscaped public park in an American city.
New York City played a complex role in the American Civil War. The city's strong commercial ties to the American South, its growing immigrant population (prior to then largely from Germany and Ireland; beginning in the late 1850s waves of Italian; and Central, and Eastern European Jews began flowing in en-masse), anger about conscription sizzled and resentment at those who could afford to pay $300 to avoid service, led to resentment against Lincoln's war policies, plus the racial element, fomented paranoia about free Blacks taking the poor immigrant's jobs, culminated in the three-day-long New York Draft Riots of July 1863. These intense war-time riots are counted among the worst incidents of civil disorder in American history, with an estimated 119 participants and passersby massacred.
The rate of immigration from Europe grew steeply after the Civil War, and New York became the first stop for millions seeking a new life in the United States, a role acknowledged by the dedication of the Statue of Liberty on October 28, 1886, a gift from the people of France. The new European immigration brought further social upheaval. In a city of tenements packed with poorly paid laborers from dozens of nations, the city was a hotbed of revolution (including anarchists and communists among others), syndicalism, racketeering, and unionization.
In 1883, the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge established a road connection across the East River. In 1874, the western portion of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County from Westchester County, and in 1895 the remainder of the present Bronx County was annexed. In 1898, when New York City consolidated with three neighboring counties to form "the City of Greater New York", Manhattan and the Bronx, though still one county, were established as two separate boroughs. On January 1, 1914, the New York state legislature created Bronx County, and New York County was reduced to its present boundaries.

Geographische Breite: 40.790278, Geographische Länge: -73.959722


Treffer 1 bis 28 von 28

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Abendschein, Anna Alwina Bertha  29 Jun 1906Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I104386
2 Bernardo, Elsie Delora  14 Mrz 1891Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I190867
3 Grüny, Franz Josef  19 Jun 1859Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197734
4 Grüny, Friedrich  17 Jun 1853Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197729
5 Grüny, Johann  11 Dez 1864Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197736
6 Grüny, Magdalena  10 Jun 1857Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197732
7 Grüny, Michael  29 Sep 1855Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197731
8 Grüny, Rosina  4 Mrz 1861Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197737
9 Gutweiler, Anthony L.  1863Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I188703
10 Gutweiler, Frank A.  Sep 1857Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I188692
11 Gutweiler, John E.  1872Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I188681
12 Gutweiler, Joseph A.  Sez 1859Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I188699
13 Gutweiler, Joseph L.  1876Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I188684
14 Gutweiler, Margaret  Dez 1865Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I188704
15 Gutweiler, Rose C.  23 Feb 1876Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I188686
16 Halesworth, Edward  20 Feb 1936Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I2201
17 Halstead Miteratonda, Marie Ann  14 Nov 1938Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I1638
18 Hartman, Charles L.  17 Dez 1891Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I158480
19 Hartman, Edward J.  1906Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I158481
20 Kempf, Charles Ludwig Maximilian  5 Nov 1880Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197719
21 Kempf, Friedrich  24 Nov 1884Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197721
22 Kempf, Jacob Caspar  26 Feb 1890Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197725
23 Kempf, Sebastian Conrad Heinrich  23 Jan 1893Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197728
24 Kempf, Sophia  2 Dez 1883Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197720
25 Kempf, Unbekannt  Jun 1879Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197718
26 Kilvert, Chico Cory  4 Dez 1908Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I190870
27 Schilb, Otto Wilhelm  16 Aug 1892Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I104382
28 Willis, Wilfred Ernest  4 Sep 1893Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I12864


Treffer 1 bis 16 von 16

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Abendschein, Fritz  7 Aug 1957Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I104389
2 Bernardo, Elsie Delora  20 Okt 1961Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I190867
3 Grüny, Franz Josef  3 Nov 1925Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197734
4 Grüny, Johann  18 Aug 1865Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197736
5 Grüny, Johann Jakob  4 Jun 1870Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197709
6 Grüny, Michael  28 Apr 1928Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197731
7 Hirt, Franzisca  26 Mai 1940Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I190878
8 Humbert, Peter  24 Apr 1907Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I204801
9 Huntsman, Cheryl  3 Jun 2008Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I208683
10 Kempf, Friedrich  22 Mrz 1949Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197721
11 Kempf, Sebastian Conrad Heinrich  um 1956Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197728
12 Kempf, Sophia  18 Feb 1888Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I197720
13 Kern, Eduard Martin  19 Mrz 1926Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I190877
14 Kilvert, Benjamin Sayre Cory  29 Mrz 1946Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I190869
15 Kress, Samuel Henry  22 Sep 1955Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I190868
16 Schilb, Jacob  12 Apr 1904Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA I104383


Treffer 1 bis 11 von 11

   Familie    Verheiratet    Familien-Kennung 
1 Abendschein / Gradwohl  27 Nov 1904Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F32689
2 Bernardo / Kern  1899Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F63877
3 Blaich / Grüny  8 Apr 1877Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F66144
4 Grüny / Bingel  17 Jun 1883Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F66143
5 Grüny / Gruber  16 Okt 1892Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F66145
6 Hartman / Brandner  1913Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F52173
7 Herbit / Betz  3 Mai 1874Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F60609
8 Humbert / Baer  14 Aug 1879Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F68665
9 Kempf / Grüny  2 Mrz 1879Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F66140
10 Kern / Hirt  19 Nov 1899Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F63752
11 Kindelberger / Grüny  15 Jan 1895Manhattan, New York County, New York, USA F66146