Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA



 

Notizen: Wikipedia 2016:
Tacoma is a mid-sized urban port city in and the county seat of Pierce County, Washington, United States. The city is on Washington's Puget Sound, 32 miles (51 km) southwest of Seattle, 31 miles (50 km) northeast of the state capital, Olympia, and 58 miles (93 km) northwest of Mount Rainier National Park. The population was 198,397, according to the 2010 census. Tacoma is the second-largest city in the Puget Sound area and the third largest in the state. Tacoma also serves as the center of business activity for the South Sound region, which has a population of around 1 million people.
Tacoma adopted its name after the nearby Mount Rainier, originally called Takhoma or Tahoma. It is locally known as the "City of Destiny" because the area was chosen to be the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad in the late 19th century. The decision of the railroad was influenced by Tacoma's neighboring deep-water harbor, Commencement Bay. By connecting the bay with the railroad, Tacoma's motto became "When rails meet sails." Today, Commencement Bay serves the Port of Tacoma, a center of international trade on the Pacific Coast and Washington State's largest port.
Like most central cities, Tacoma suffered a prolonged decline in the mid-20th century as a result of suburbanization and divestment. Since the 1990s, developments in the downtown core include the University of Washington Tacoma; Tacoma Link, the first modern electric light rail service in the state; the state's highest density of art and history museums; and a restored urban waterfront, the Thea Foss Waterway. Neighborhoods such as the 6th Avenue District have become revitalized.
Tacoma-Pierce County has been named one of the most livable areas in the United States. In 2006, Tacoma was listed as one of the "most walkable" cities in the country. That same year, the women's magazine Self named Tacoma the "Most Sexually Healthy City" in the United States. In contrast, Tacoma was also ranked as the "most stressed-out" city in the country in a 2004 survey.
Tacoma gained notoriety in 1940 for the collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, which earned the nickname "Galloping Gertie".
History:
The city of Tacoma and surrounding areas were inhabited for thousands of years by American Indians, predominantly the Puyallup people, who lived in settlements on the delta.
In 1852, a Swede named Nicolas Delin constructed a sawmill powered by water on a creek near the head of Commencement Bay, but the small settlement that grew up around it was abandoned during the Indian War of 1855-1856. In 1864, pioneer and postmaster Job Carr, a Civil War veteran and land speculator who hoped to profit from the selection of Commencement Bay as the terminus of the Transcontinental Railroad, built a cabin (a replica of Job Carr's cabin, which also served as Tacoma's first post office, was erected in "Old Town" in 2000 near the original site), and later sold most of his claim to developer Morton M. McCarver (1807–1875), who named his project Tacoma City, derived from the indigenous name for the mountain.
Tacoma was incorporated on November 12, 1875, following the merger of Old Tacoma and New Tacoma on January 7, 1884. Its hopes to be the "City of Destiny" were stimulated by selection in 1873 as the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad, thanks to lobbying by McCarver, future mayor John Wilson Sprague, and others. The transcontinental link was effected in 1887, but the railroad built its depot on "New Tacoma", two miles (3 km) south of the Carr-McCarver development. The two communities grew together and joined. The population grew from 1,098 in 1880 to 36,006 in 1890. Rudyard Kipling visited Tacoma in 1889 and said it was "literally staggering under a boom of the boomiest".
George Francis Train was a resident for a few years in the late 19th century. In 1890, he staged a global circumnavigation starting and ending in Tacoma to promote the city. A plaque in downtown Tacoma marks the start and finish line.
In November 1885, white citizens led by then-mayor Jacob Weisbach expelled several hundred Chinese residents peacefully living in the city. As described by the account prepared by the Chinese Reconciliation Project Foundation, on the morning of November 3, 1885, "several hundred men, led by the mayor and other city officials, evicted the Chinese from their homes, corralled them at 7th Street and Pacific Avenue, marched them to the railway station at Lakeview and forced them aboard the morning train to Portland, Oregon. The next day two Chinese settlements were burned to the ground."
The discovery of gold in the Klondike in 1898 led Tacoma's prominence in the region to be eclipsed by the booming development of Seattle.
A major tragedy marred the end of the 19th century, when a streetcar accident resulted in significant loss of life on July 4, 1900.
Tacoma was briefly (1915-1922) a major destination for big-time automobile racing, with one of the nation's top-rated racing venues located just outside the city limits, at the site of today's Clover Park Technical College.
During a 30-day power shortage in the winter of 1929 and 1930, Tacoma was provided with electricity from the engines of the aircraft carrier USS Lexington.
In 1935, Tacoma received national attention when George Weyerhaeuser, the nine-year-old son of prominent lumber industry executive J.P. Weyerhaeuser, was kidnapped while walking home from school. FBI agents from Portland handled the case, in which payment of a ransom of $200,000 secured release of the victim. Four persons were apprehended and convicted. The last to be released was paroled from McNeil Island in 1963. George Weyerhaeuser went on to become chairman of the Board of the Weyerhaeuser Company.
In 1951, an investigation by a state legislative committee revealed widespread corruption in Tacoma's government, which had been organized commission-style since 1910. Voters approved a mayor and city-manager system in 1952.
Tacoma was featured prominently in the garage rock sound of the mid-1960s with bands including The Wailers and The Sonics. The surf rock band The Ventures were also from Tacoma.
Downtown Tacoma experienced a long decline through the mid-20th century. Harold Moss, later the city's mayor, characterized late 1970s Tacoma as looking "bombed out" like "downtown Beirut" (a reference to the Lebanese Civil War that occurred at that time); "Streets were abandoned, storefronts were abandoned and City Hall was the headstone and Union Station the footstone" on the grave of downtown.
This picture began to change somewhere around 1990. Among the projects associated with the downtown renaissance were the federal courthouse in the former Union Station (1991); the Washington State History Museum (1996), echoing the architecture of Union Station; the adaptation of a group of century-old brick warehouses into the University of Washington Tacoma campus; the numerous privately financed renovation projects near that UW Tacoma campus; the Museum of Glass (2002); the Tacoma Art Museum (2003); and the region's first light-rail line (2003).
The first local referendums in the U.S. on computerized voting occurred in Tacoma in 1982 and 1987. On both occasions, voters rejected 3-1 the computer voting systems that local officials sought to purchase. The campaigns, organized by Eleanora Ballasiotes, a conservative Republican, focused on the vulnerabilities of computers to fraud.
In 1998, Tacoma installed a high-speed fiber optic network throughout the community. The municipally owned power company, Tacoma Power, wired the city.

Geographische Breite: 47.2528768, Geographische Länge: -122.44429059999999


Geburt

Treffer 1 bis 6 von 6

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Esnouf, Shirley Ruth  1935Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148016
2 Fisher, George Frederick  24 Nov 1917Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148034
3 Hunt, Richard G.  1 Apr 1946Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147984
4 Lawler, Vivian A.  15 Mai 1923Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I153039
5 Liening, Reynold Lawrence  10 Jul 1926Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I200155
6 Muntz, Lydia  28 Okt 1909Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147997

Gestorben

Treffer 1 bis 50 von 50

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Burch, Philip Joel  3 Dez 1981Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I183450
2 Clark, Clarence William  22 Mai 2000Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148022
3 Clark, Mary  24 Dez 1997Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148038
4 Coleman, Leo Charles  27 Nov 1991Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I52407
5 Doehler, Janice Marie  24 Mai 1998Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I200154
6 Doehler, Raymond Mathias Frederick  3 Sep 1973Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I200151
7 Doerr, George  17 Mrz 1961Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I65315
8 Esnouf, Shirley Ruth  24 Apr 1966Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148016
9 Fischer, Delores May  6 Mai 1994Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I42410
10 Fisher, George Frederick  30 Jun 1996Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148034
11 Fisher, George H.  23 Feb 1952Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148035
12 Fritz, Elma J.  3 Mrz 2008Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148023
13 Fritz, Walter Constantinouis  1966Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148024
14 Fuhrer, Marvin B.  18 Aug 2005Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I169175
15 Horman, Elsie Vowles  3 Sep 1948Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I10437
16 Hunt, Charles Theodore  6 Jan 1980Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I93666
17 Hunt, Richard G.  17 Dez 1982Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147984
18 Johnson, David E.  13 Dez 1981Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I108187
19 Junkert, Philip  21 Mrz 1963Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I113502
20 Kercher, Emma M.  22 Aug 1995Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I18624
21 Kercher, Friedrich E.  8 Jul 1968Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I18616
22 Kercher, Lydia  1937Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I18617
23 Kirschenmann, Adella  29 Dez 1998Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I92749
24 Kirschenmann, Erwin  18 Jun 1996Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I98089
25 Lang, Carolina  8 Feb 1957Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I118865
26 Liening, Reynold Lawrence  6 Nov 1999Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I200155
27 Lobe, Paul  28 Sep 1972Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I76578
28 Lynam, James W.  26 Okt 1931Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I73352
29 Lynam, Thomas Joseph  26 Jul 1939Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I73350
30 Manz, Johann Heinrich  17 Jan 1941Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147988
31 Manz, Johann Heinrich  11 Apr 1955Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I93665
32 Manz, Maria Katharina  13 Jun 1967Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148013
33 McClements, Donald E.  10 Okt 1996Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I97136
34 Miller, Mcgreta  9 Sep 1968Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I37595
35 Misener, Louis  6 Aug 1988Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I92750
36 Müller, Katharine Elisabeth  13 Dez 1933Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147989
37 Muntz, Alexander  19 Sep 1964Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I93661
38 Muntz, Esther  Mrz 1982Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147973
39 Muntz, Margaret Barbara  4 Mrz 1984Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147975
40 Muntz, Ruth  25 Sep 2010Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148012
41 Noble, Marie Beck  2 Feb 1990Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I77025
42 Rau, Katharine  6 Apr 1978Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I97134
43 Roloff, Daniel  10 Jul 1988Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I77012
44 Schmidt, Andrew  Aug 1971Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I193458
45 Shonerd, Margaret Elizabeth  12 Okt 1989Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I200150
46 Taylor, Elizabeth - wife of  27 Sep 1965Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I148042
47 Tibbs, Harry Bruce  11 Jul 1982Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147976
48 Vilhauer, Ervin August  11 Sep 1979Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I107452
49 Villaescusa, Frank A.  12 Jan 1984Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I147998
50 Wahl, Barbara Jean  14 Okt 2005Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I159059

Begraben

Treffer 1 bis 3 von 3

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Begraben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Doehler, Janice Marie  28 Mai 1998Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I200154
2 Dunker, Olga P.  Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I186584
3 McClements, Donald E.  Okt 1996Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA I97136

Verheiratet

Treffer 1 bis 10 von 10

   Familie    Verheiratet    Familien-Kennung 
1 Clark / Fritz  20 Sep 1940Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F41317
2 Clemens / Sackman  1942Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F2060
3 Esnouf / Manz  27 Nov 1928Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F39908
4 Liening / Doehler  11 Sep 1953Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F66945
5 Manz / Kercher  8 Apr 1922Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F28995
6 Roloff / Noble  19 Dez 1959Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F24109
7 Stenberg / Stebbins  17 Jun 1960Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F35556
8 Tibbs / Muntz  19 Feb 1927Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F48481
9 Villaescusa / Muntz  12 Apr 1931Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F48487
10 Webster / Wollenweber  Jun 1922Tacoma, Pierce County, Washington, USA F3918