Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA



 

Notizen: Wkipedia 2015:
Wheeling is a city in Marshall and Ohio counties in the U.S. state of West Virginia. Located almost entirely in Ohio County, of which it is the county seat, it lies along the Ohio River in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. Wheeling was originally a settlement in the British colony of Virginia and later an important city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Wheeling was the first state capital of West Virginia. Thanks to its location along major transportation routes, including the Ohio River, National Road, and the B&O Railroad, Wheeling became a manufacturing center in the late nineteenth century. After experiencing the closing of factories and substantial population loss following World War II, Wheeling's major industries now include healthcare, education, law and legal services, entertainment and tourism, and energy.
Wheeling is the principal city of the Wheeling Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the Wheeling, WV MSA had a population of 147,950, and the city had a population of 28,486.
History:
The origins of the name "Wheeling" are disputed. One of the more credible explanations is that the word comes from the Lenni-Lenape phrase wih link, which meant "place of the head." This supposedly referred to a white settler who was scalped and decapitated. His severed head was displayed at the confluence of Wheeling Creek and the Ohio River. The area had been inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years. In the 17th century, the Iroquois from present-day New York state conquered the upper Ohio Valley, pushing out other tribes and maintaining the area as their hunting ground.
Originally explored by the French, Wheeling still has a lead plate remnant buried by the explorer Céloron de Blainville in 1749 at the mouth of Wheeling Creek to mark their claim. Later, Christopher Gist and George Washington surveyed the land, in 1751 and 1770, respectively.
Establishment of European settlement
During the fall of 1769, Ebenezer Zane explored the Wheeling area and established claim to the land via "tomahawk rights." (This process meant to deaden a few trees near the head of a spring, and mark the bark with the initials of the name of the person who made the claim). He returned the following spring with his wife Elizabeth and his younger brothers, Jonathan and Silas; they established the first permanent European settlement in the Wheeling area, naming it Zanesburg. Other families joined the settlement, including the Shepherds (see Monument Place), the Wetzels, and the McCollochs (see McColloch's Leap).
In 1787, the United States gave Virginia this portion of lands west of the Appalachians, and some to Pennsylvania at its western edge, to settle their claims. By the Northwest Ordinance that year, it established the Northwest Territory to cover other lands north of the Ohio River and west to the Mississippi River. Settlers began to move into new areas along the Ohio.
In 1793, Ebenezer Zane divided the town into lots, and Wheeling was officially established as a town in 1795 by legislative enactment. The town was incorporated January 16, 1805. On March 11, 1836, the town of Wheeling was incorporated into the city of Wheeling.
By an act of the Virginia General Assembly on December 27, 1797, Wheeling was named the county seat of Ohio County.
Originally dubbed Fort Fincastle in 1774, the fort was later renamed Fort Henry in honor of Virginia's American governor, Patrick Henry. In 1777, Native Americans of the Shawnee, Wyandot and Mingo tribes joined to attack pioneer settlements along the upper Ohio River, which were illegal according to the Crown's Proclamation of 1763. They hoped an alliance with the British would drive the colonial settlers out of their territory.
Local men, later joined by recruits from Fort Shepherd (in Elm Grove) and Fort Holliday, defended the fort. The native force burned the surrounding cabins and destroyed livestock.
During the first attack of the year, Major Samuel McColloch led a small force of men from Fort Vanmetre along Short Creek to assist the besieged Fort Henry. Separated from his men, McColloch was chased by attacking Indians. Upon his horse, McColloch charged up Wheeling Hill and made what is known as McColloch's Leap 300 feet (91 m) down its eastern side.
In 1782, a native army along with British soldiers attempted to take Fort Henry. During this siege, Fort Henry's supply of ammunition was exhausted. The defenders decided to dispatch a man to secure more ammunition from the Zane homestead. Betty Zane volunteered for the dangerous task. During her departing run, she was heckled by both native and British soldiers. After reaching the Zane homestead, she gathered a tablecloth and filled it with gunpowder. During her return, she was fired upon but was uninjured. As a result of her heroism, Fort Henry remained in American control.
The National Road arrived in Wheeling in 1818, linking the Ohio River to the Potomac River, and allowing goods from the Ohio Valley to flow through Wheeling and on to points east. As the endpoint of National Road, Wheeling became a gateway to early western expansion. In 1849 the Wheeling Suspension Bridge crossed the Ohio River and allowed the city to expand onto Wheeling Island. Lessons learned constructing the bridge were used in the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge. Rail transportation reached Wheeling in 1853 when the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad connected Wheeling to Pennsylvania, Maryland and markets in the Northeast. A bridge over the river connected it to Bellaire, Ohio and western areas.
Much of this area had been settled by yeomen farmers, few of whom owned slaves. With the railroad, a larger industrial or mercantile middle-class developed that depended on free labor; it either felt disinterest or hostility to slavery. The Wheeling Intelligencer newspaper expressed the area's anti-secession sentiment as tensions rose over slavery and national issues. The city became part of the movement of western areas to secede from Virginia after the beginning of the Civil War. It was the location of the aforementioned Wheeling Convention.[9] It served as the provisional capital of the Restored Government of Virginia from 1861 to 1863, and became the first capital of West Virginia after it seceded from Virginia and was admitted to the Union in its own right in 1863.
The growing German population, which included immigrants after the 1848 Revolutions, was firmly anti-slavery. The Germans of Wheeling organized the "First West Virginia Artillery" to oppose the Confederacy and played a role in the initial movement to separate from Virginia. The Germans' culture influenced the city, such as their "German Singing Societies," the first of which began in 1855.
Although Wheeling lost its position as capital in 1865, it continued to grow. In the late nineteenth century, it served as a prime industrial center for the state. Noted businesses of the era included the Bloch Brothers Tobacco Company and steel concerns. As it grew, prosperous residents built an area of fine housing around Wheeling Island, but slums also grew.
With industry, Wheeling reached its peak of population in 1930. The Great Depression, and later changes and restructuring in heavy industry following World War II, led to a loss of working-class jobs and population. Capitalizing on its rich architectural heritage, Wheeling has worked to revive its main street and heritage tourism activities near the Ohio River. In addition, West Virginia has constructed fiber optics networks for advanced communication. Wheeling is becoming a center in health services and education as well.

Geographische Breite: 40.0639616, Geographische Länge: -80.72091490000003


Geburt

Treffer 1 bis 29 von 29

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Ackerman, Mary Catherine  13 Jul 1871Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I183959
2 Bertschy, Louisa  11 Jun 1848Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203511
3 Brandfass, Sophia Louise  20 Okt 1878Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203515
4 Defibaugh, Charles  1874Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103127
5 Defibaugh, Thomas  1868Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103125
6 Defibaugh, Vonda Elmira  8 Okt 1899Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103122
7 Delbrugge, William F.  14 Mrz 1848Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I198520
8 Kindelberger, Catherine B.  12 Mrz 1874Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103151
9 Kindelberger, Harry Monroe Sr.  1 Mrz 1894Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103121
10 Kindelberger, Harry Monroe Jr.  31 Aug 1920Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103130
11 Kindelberger, Ida  1870Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103126
12 Kindelberger, Jessie A.  Okt 1879Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103152
13 Kindelberger, John W.  19 Feb 1866Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103112
14 Kindelberger, Marie  1901Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103135
15 Kindelberger, Monroe Chandler  Okt 1869Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103114
16 Kindelberger, Thomas P.  Feb 1872Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103145
17 Kraft, Clara Louise  6 Dez 1878Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144194
18 Neuhart, Wilhelmina J.  26 Dez 1869Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I183398
19 Salade, Blanche Louise  1917Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144197
20 Salade, Charles Henry  31 Okt 1881Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144195
21 Salade, William Edward  29 Mrz 1877Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144193
22 Schaub, Friedrich  22 Okt 1835Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I197579
23 Stuck, Elizabeth  geschätzt 1862Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103032
24 Stuck, Louise  geschätzt 1864Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103033
25 Wiedebusch, Mary  8 Sep 1851Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203517
26 Yager, Barbara Johanna  2 Sep 1885Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203524
27 Yager, Bertha Caroline  Jan 1875Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203513
28 Yager, Edward Louis  22 Mrz 1876Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203514
29 Yager, Mary Louise  12 Dez 1879Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203523

Gestorben

Treffer 1 bis 30 von 30

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Bertschy, Louisa  4 Mai 1929Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203511
2 Bertschy, Michael  1889Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I198101
3 Brandfass, Karl Friedrich  27 Sep 1922Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203516
4 Brandfass, Sophia Louise  26 Jan 1914Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203515
5 Buckio, Frederick  13 Apr 1927Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I182931
6 Giesler, Sophia  26 Mrz 1891Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203519
7 Jäger, Karl Friedrich August  10 Okt 1886Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203512
8 Kindelberger, Friedrich  14 Feb 1897Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103018
9 Kindelberger, Harry Monroe Sr.  14 Aug 1957Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103121
10 Kindelberger, Jacob  Datum unbekanntWheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103109
11 Kindelberger, Johannes  16 Feb 1891Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103087
12 Kindelberger, Karl  nach 1900Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103090
13 Kraft, Clara Louise  10 Nov 1968Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144194
14 Meyer, Charlotte  28 Sep 1877Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203528
15 Retzer, Carl R.  3 Jun 1900Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144190
16 Retzer, Catherine  18 Dez 1929Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144191
17 Retzer, Eva Katharina  17 Feb 1896Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103298
18 Retzer, Georg Friedrich  30 Aug 1876Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103297
19 Retzer, Louise  5 Apr 1909Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I103291
20 Salade, William Augustus  7 Jun 1920Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144192
21 Salade, William Edward  28 Okt 1969Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I144193
22 Schenk, Catharina Barbara  1 Dez 1904Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I198100
23 Schumann, Charlotte  6 Sep 1892Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203521
24 Wiedebusch, Christoph Ludwig  14 Feb 1866Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203520
25 Wiedebusch, Mary  16 Jan 1912Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203517
26 Wiedebusch, Wilhelm  9 Feb 1893Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203518
27 Yager, Barbara Johanna  26 Aug 1973Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203524
28 Yager, Bertha Caroline  11 Sep 1958Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203513
29 Yager, Edward Louis  4 Okt 1954Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203514
30 Yager, Mary Louise  25 Dez 1955Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA I203523

Verheiratet

Treffer 1 bis 3 von 3

   Familie    Verheiratet    Familien-Kennung 
1 Kindelberger / Blake  20 Jun 1886Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA F32275
2 Kindelberger / Donovan  18 Aug 1889Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA F32274
3 Kochert / Neuhardt  geschätzt 1881Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, USA F68303