Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA



 


Notizen: Wikipedia 2016:
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of government of Sacramento County. It is at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in the northern portion of California's expansive Central Valley. Its estimated 2014 population of 485,199 made it the sixth-largest city in California. Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which includes seven counties with a 2010 population of 2,414,783. Its metropolitan area is the fourth largest in California after the Greater Los Angeles area, the San Francisco Bay Area, and the San Diego metropolitan area, and is the 27th largest in the United States. In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University conducted for TIME magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City".
Sacramento became a city through the efforts of the Swiss immigrant John Sutter, Sr., his son John Sutter, Jr., and James W. Marshall. Sacramento grew quickly thanks to the protection of Sutter's Fort, which was established by Sutter in 1839. During the California Gold Rush, Sacramento was a major distribution point, a commercial and agricultural center, and a terminus for wagon trains, stagecoaches, riverboats, the telegraph, the Pony Express, and the First Transcontinental Railroad.
The city was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border.[citation needed] The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santísimo Sacramento (Blessed Sacrament), referring to the Catholic Eucharist.
California State University, Sacramento, more commonly known as Sacramento State or Sac State, is the largest university in the city and one of 23 campuses in the California State University system. Drexel University Sacramento and the University of the Pacific McGeorge School of Law are in Sacramento. In addition, the University of California, Davis, is in nearby Davis, 15 miles (24 km) west of the capital. The UC Davis Medical Center, a world-renowned research hospital, is located in the city of Sacramento.
History:
Nisenan (Southern Maidu) and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for perhaps thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would eventually make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, and by fruits, bulbs, seeds, and roots gathered throughout the year.
In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. The air was like champagne, and (the Spaniards) drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. "Es como el sagrado sacramento! (It's like the Blessed Sacrament.)" The valley and the river were then christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ", referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist.
John Sutter first arrived on August 13, 1839 at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres. The next year, he and his party established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls eighteen feet high and three feet thick.
Representing Mexico, Sutter called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss inspired name, and was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Soon, the colony began to grow as more and more pioneers headed west. Within just a few short years, John Sutter had become a grand success, owning a ten-acre orchard and a herd of thirteen thousand cattle. Fort Sutter became a regular stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. In 1847, Sutter hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so that he could continue to expand his empire.
Sutter received 2,000 fruit trees in 1847, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma (located some 50 miles (80.5 km), northeast of the fort), a large number of gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population. John Sutter, Jr. then planned the City of Sacramento 2 miles south of New Helvetia, in association with Sam Brannan against the wishes of his father, naming the city after the Sacramento River for commercial reasons. He hired topographical engineer William H. Warner to draft the official layout of the city, which included 26 lettered and 31 numbered streets (today's grid from C St. to Broadway and from Front St. to Alhambra Blvd.). However, a bitterness grew between the elder Sutter and his son as Sacramento became an overnight commercial success (Sutter's Fort, Mill and the town of Sutterville, all founded by John Sutter, Sr., would eventually fail).
The citizens of Sacramento adopted a city charter in 1849, which was recognized by the state legislature in 1850. Sacramento is the oldest incorporated city in California, incorporated on February 27, 1850. During the early 1850s the Sacramento valley was devastated by floods, fires and cholera epidemics. Despite this, because of its position just downstream from the Mother Lode in the Sierra Nevada, the new city grew, quickly reaching a population of 10,000.
Throughout the early 1840s and 1850s, China was at war with Great Britain and France in the First and Second Opium Wars. The wars, along with endemic poverty in China, helped drive many Chinese immigrants to America. Many first came to San Francisco, which was then the largest city in California, which was known as "Dai Fow" (The Big City) and some came eventually to Sacramento (then the second-largest city in California), which is known as "Yee Fow" (Second City). Many of these immigrants came in hopes for a better life as well as the possibility of finding gold in the foothills east of Sacramento.
Sacramento's Chinatown was located on "I" Street from Second to Sixth Streets. At the time this area of "I" Street was considered a health hazard as, lying within a levee zone it was lower than other parts of the city which were situated on higher land. Throughout Sacramento's Chinatown history there were fires, acts of discrimination, and prejudicial legislation such as the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until 1943. The mysterious fires were thought to be set off by those who did not take a liking to the Chinese working class. Ordinances on what was viable building material were set into place to try to get the Chinese to move out. Newspapers such as The Sacramento Union, at the time, wrote stories that portrayed the Chinese in an unfavorable light to inspire ethnic discrimination and drive the Chinese away. As the years passed, a railroad was created over parts of the Chinatown and further politics and laws would make it even harder for Chinese workers to sustain a living in Sacramento. While the east side of the country fought for higher wages and fewer working hours, many cities in the western United States wanted the Chinese out because of the belief that they were stealing jobs from the white working class.
The Chinese remained resilient despite these efforts. They built their buildings out of bricks just as the building guidelines established. They helped build part of the railroads that span the city as well as making a great contribution to the transcontinental railroad that spans the United States. They also helped build the levees within Sacramento and the surrounding cities. As a result, they are a well-recognized part of Sacramento's history and heritage.
While most of Sacramento's Chinatown has now been razed, a small Chinatown mall remains, as well as a museum dedicated to the history of Sacramento's Chinatown and the contributions Chinese Americans have made to the city. Amtrak sits along what was part of Sacramento's Chinatown "I" Street.
The California State Legislature, with the support of Governor John Bigler, moved to Sacramento in 1854. The capital of California under Spanish (and, subsequently, Mexican) rule had been Monterey, where in 1849 the first Constitutional Convention and state elections were held. The convention decided that San Jose would be the new state's capital. After 1850, when California's statehood was ratified, the legislature met in San Jose until 1851, Vallejo in 1852, and Benicia in 1853, before moving to Sacramento. In the 1879 Constitutional Convention, Sacramento was named to be the permanent state capital.
Begun in 1860 to be reminiscent of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., the Classical Revival style California State Capitol was completed in 1874. In 1861, the legislative session was moved to the Merchants Exchange Building in San Francisco for one session because of massive flooding in Sacramento. The legislative chambers were first occupied in 1869 while construction continued. From 1862 to 1868, part of the Leland Stanford Mansion was used for the governor's offices during Stanford's tenure as the Governor; and the legislature met in the Sacramento County Courthouse.
With its new status and strategic location, Sacramento quickly prospered and became the western end of the Pony Express. Later it became a terminus of the First Transcontinental Railroad, which began construction in Sacramento in 1863 and was financed by "The Big Four"—Mark Hopkins, Charles Crocker, Collis P. Huntington, and Leland Stanford.
In 1850 and again in 1861, Sacramento citizens were faced with a completely flooded town. After the devastating 1850 flood, Sacramento experienced a cholera epidemic and a flu epidemic, which crippled the town for several years. In 1861, Governor Leland Stanford, who was inaugurated in early January 1861, had to attend his inauguration in a rowboat, which was not too far from his house in town on N street. The flood waters were so bad, the legend says, that when he returned to his house, he had to enter into it through the second floor window. From 1862 until the mid-1870s Sacramento raised the level of its downtown by building reinforced brick walls on its downtown streets, and filling the resulting street walls with dirt. Thus the previous first floors of buildings became the basements, with open space between the street and the building, previously the sidewalk, now at the basement level. Most property owners used screw jacks to raise their buildings to the new grade. The sidewalks were covered, initially by wooden sidewalks, then brick barrel vaults, and eventually replaced by concrete sidewalks. Over the years, many of these underground spaces have been filled or destroyed by subsequent development. However, it is still possible to view portions of the "Sacramento Underground".
The same rivers that earlier brought death and destruction began to provide increasing levels of transportation and commerce. Both the American and especially Sacramento rivers would be key elements in the economic success of the city. In fact, Sacramento effectively controlled commerce on these rivers, and public works projects were funded though taxes levied on goods unloaded from boats and loaded onto rail cars in the historic Sacramento Rail Yards. Now both rivers are used extensively for recreation. The American River is a 5-mph (8-km/h) waterway for all power boats (including jet-ski and similar craft) (Source Sacramento County Parks & Recreation) and has become an international attraction for rafters and kayaking.
The Sacramento River sees many boaters, who can make day trips to nearby sloughs or continue along the Delta to the Bay Area and San Francisco. The Delta King, a paddlewheel steamboat which for eighteen months lay on the bottom of the San Francisco Bay, was refurbished and now boasts a hotel, a restaurant, and two different theaters for nightlife along the Old Sacramento riverfront.

OpenStreetMap

Ort : Geographische Breite: 38.5815719, Geographische Länge: -121.49439960000001


Geburt

Treffer 1 bis 22 von 22

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Becker, Anna Lydia  14 Dez 1899Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I65640
2 Busch, Ernst  26 Nov 1922Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I85437
3 Busch, Wilma  17 Dez 1924Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I85438
4 Campoy, Sandra Jean  12 Mrz 1952Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I172793
5 Griess, Gella  15 Aug 1911Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I3709
6 Haller, Julia Emily  20 Jul 1910Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I181362
7 Haller, Julius John  20 Mrz 1884Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I181360
8 Hoffman, Marlene  21 Jan 1938Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I35244
9 Horst, Robbie  1 Okt 1983Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I4648
10 Jones, Jerald  30 Mai 1937Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I35410
11 Kammerer, Unbekannt  31 Aug 1929Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I85435
12 Krumenacker, Marshall DuWayne  6 Mai 1941Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I112080
13 Lehr, Steven R.  9 Aug 1951Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I173454
14 Loris, John William  29 Nov 1916Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I94604
15 Loris, Sandra Elaine  16 Jun 1945Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I94605
16 Montgomery, Robert Eugene Jr.  28 Mrz 1958Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I172797
17 Rice, Lynda  4 Sep 1946Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I233365
18 Rose, Alfred Augustina  2 Sep 1904Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I3714
19 Sayler, Gordon Adolph  27 Mrz 1931Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I152025
20 Vilhauer, Stanley Ray  20 Jul 1957Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I108040
21 Wahl, Robert James  12 Jun 1932Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I15356
22 Wright, John  2 Jan 1919Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I79951

Gestorben

Treffer 1 bis 50 von 163

1 2 3 4 Vorwärts»

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Auch, Christian  27 Mai 1947Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I162879
2 Bachmann, Jacob  24 Sep 1981Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I17920
3 Banek, Frederick Jacob  14 Jul 1956Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I86668
4 Baumgartner, Jay William  15 Jun 1992Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I183843
5 Becker, Martha  1 Nov 1953Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I65638
6 Becker, Sophia  30 Mrz 1951Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I65602
7 Beich, Milton Wilmer  29 Apr 1996Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I76180
8 Bender, Karoline  7 Apr 1969Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I65919
9 Berg, Leonard Jacob Sr.  1 Apr 1982Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I37878
10 Blakkolb, Barbara Katherina Louise  1 Okt 1949Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I35222
11 Blakkolb, Gottlob  27 Jul 1964Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I35227
12 Blakkolb, Henry  7 Sep 1977Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I35235
13 Blanton, Pearl Mae  21 Mai 1947Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I3730
14 Blaylock, Noma  22 Sep 1980Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I62485
15 Brandner, Gilbert P.  14 Nov 1984Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I158688
16 Brenner, Milbert  15 Dez 1973Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I152380
17 Broß, Friedrich  5 Dez 1972Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I89495
18 Brost, Maria  30 Mrz 1952Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I88142
19 Brunmeier, Edwin  21 Jun 1972Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I194658
20 Buchmiller, Alvin  25 Okt 1997Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I112101
21 Busch, Ernst  10 Nov 1999Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I85437
22 Busch, Henry T.  22 Sep 1931Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I62449
23 Busch, Wilma  12 Apr 1949Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I85438
24 Bussert, William John Rudolph  8 Mai 1971Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I158375
25 Combs, Patricia Mildred  23 Feb 1987Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I230399
26 Craig, Archibald Brock  16 Mai 1944Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I94568
27 Craig, Harry Brock  21 Jan 1977Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I94569
28 Dais, Albert J.  26 Nov 2000Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I194661
29 Dockter, Rudolph G.  16 Jul 1973Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I108494
30 Eissinger, Rudolph  1 Dez 1982Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I145913
31 Fachner, Arthur W.  19 Dez 1941Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I149648
32 Fehr, Cora  14 Jun 1981Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I5415
33 Fehr, Sarah  7 Aug 1971Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I88412
34 Feiock, Martha M.  19 Nov 1989Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I99157
35 Freidel, Francis T.  4 Apr 1914Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I181359
36 Frey, Edward Arch  2 Jul 1956Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I62487
37 Frey, Henry Jacob  17 Sep 1985Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I62484
38 Gemar, Theodore A.  29 Jan 1987Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I3790
39 Giese, Adeline Sophia  1 Aug 1972Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I159272
40 Giese, Elsie  23 Jan 1992Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I159276
41 Giese, Emil Adolph  10 Feb 1984Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I159268
42 Giese, Leontina  14 Mrz 1980Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I159274
43 Graf, Harold Edwin  1 Mrz 1962Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I108276
44 Gramm, Martha  Mrz 1994Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I90652
45 Grenz, Aaron R.  11 Okt 1993Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I119132
46 Grenz, Christof C.  6 Dez 1980Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I119123
47 Grenz, Fredrick G.  15 Jan 1990Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I118617
48 Grenz, Samuel  26 Nov 1972Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I118616
49 Grenz, Wilhelm  1 Sep 1946Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I118619
50 Griess, Frederick John  28 Sep 1963Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I3566

1 2 3 4 Vorwärts»



Begraben

Treffer 1 bis 24 von 24

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Begraben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Bertschy, Isabel Ellen  vor 1983Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I226894
2 Blakkolb, Gottlob  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I35227
3 Craig, Harry Brock  26 Jan 1977Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I94569
4 Fehr, Sarah  10 Aug 1971Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I88412
5 Grenz, Aaron R.  14 Okt 1993Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I119132
6 Grenz, Christof C.  9 Dez 1980Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I119123
7 Grenz, Emil E.  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I62424
8 Grenz, Raymond Milton  6 Okt 2005Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I119146
9 Grenz, Roger Emil  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I119140
10 Hartwig, Esther Amelia  2 Mai 1973Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I119125
11 Haug, Thelma  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I62719
12 Hirning, Heinrich A.  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I112071
13 Johnson, Carl Hugo  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I226895
14 Johnson, Mary Ellen  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I226896
15 Kopp, Helen Jeanette  13 Aug 2001Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I118888
16 Kopp, Magdalena  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I118884
17 Kopp, Ruth Marie  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I118872
18 Loris, John William  8 Okt 2003Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I94604
19 Loris, Sandra Elaine  12 Apr 2007Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I94605
20 Mayer, Margaret  30 Dez 1996Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I119124
21 Schroetlin, Ella Elizabeth  14 Okt 1987Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I92865
22 Schrötlin, Jakob  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I88413
23 Weber, Katie  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I112072
24 Zimbelmann, Regina  Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA I1618

Verheiratet

Treffer 1 bis 9 von 9

   Familie    Verheiratet    Familien-Kennung 
1 Anderson / McCoy  28 Feb 1943Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F11840
2 Becker / Peter  21 Jul 1947Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F29315
3 Brandner / Williams  3 Sep 1935Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F52239
4 Combs / Blakkolb  15 Jun 1952Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F11775
5 Dye / Becker  23 Nov 1925Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F20743
6 Gribble / Gemar  6 Mrz 1942Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F1289
7 Haller / Freidel  21 Mai 1882Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F60555
8 Wynnhoff / Zimbelman  14 Feb 1955Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F441
9 Zimbelman / Schultz  30 Aug 1954Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, USA F446